Guru Ka Langar Golden Temple Amritsar

Community Kitchen India Golden Temple

Free Food india golden temple
Guru ka Langar Golden Temple
Free Food india golden temple
Location of Free Kitchen Golden Temple

Guru Ka Langar (Langar Hall) : Community Kitchen

Guru Ka Langar

Sri Harmandir Sahib Golden Temple Amritsar

David Cameron Prime Minister of United Kingdom and Samantha Cameron in Guru ka Langar Golden Temple
David Cameron Prime Minister of United Kingdom and Samantha Cameron
in Guru ka Langar Golden Temple

In the Golden Temple Community Kitchen at an average 75,000 devotees or tourists take langar in the Community Kitchen daily; but the number becomes almost double on special occasions. On average 100 Quintal Wheat Flour, 25 Quintal Cereals, 10 Quintal Rice, 5000 Ltr Milk, 10 Quintal Sugar, 5 Quintal Pure Ghee is used a day. Nearly 100 LPG Gas Cylinders are used to prepare the meals. 100’s of employees and devotees render their services to the kitchen.

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An examplary painting of the Mughal Empror of India sharing the meals with his nobles and servants along with "Sangat" during his visit to Goindwal Sahib to have Darshan of Guru Amardas Ji (Third Sikh Master)

Importance of Langar

Bhai Desa Singh in his Rehitnama says, "A Sikh (we can say, every person) who is 'well to do' must look to the needs of his poor neighbours. Whenever he meets a traveller or a pilgrim from a foreign country, he must serve him devotedly.


people partake of the langar in the courtyard
people partake of the langar in the courtyard

There are many memorable aspects of a Sikh Gurdwara program, but most first-time visitors are surprised and delighted by the wonderful food that is freely served to the congregation at the conclusion of every gurdwara program. This serving of food is a long-standing tradition called, Guru ka Langar (the Guru’s Kitchen) and originated with the first Sikh guru, Guru Nanak around 1521. Perhaps it began when, as a boy, young Nanak would feed groups of traveling mystics as they traveled through the area around his home. Or perhaps it grew out of Guru Nanak’s experiences traveling far and wide during his four Udasis (extended spiritual journeys) – being on the road, vulnerable to the varying level of hospitality that were available in all the locations he visited. Established at a time in India when separation by caste was of the highest importance, the act of sitting together (Pangat) in the Guru ka Langar was a revolutionary idea. “That is the maryaadaa (discipline) of langar – that even a king and a beggar can sit together, serve and eat the same food, in the same way”. Today, it is still a powerful reminder of the equality of all people before God, regardless of birth, gender, faith or status.

Guru Ka Langar The tradition of serving langar Initiated by Guru Nanak Dev Ji and then established by the 3rd Sikh Master Sri Guru Amar Dass Ji at Goindwal.

guru ka langar sewa
Sewa in Guru ka Langar

Even the Mughal King Akbar came and sat among the ordinary people to share langar.

The institution of Guru ka Langar has served the community in many ways. It has ensured the participation of women and children in a task of service for mankind. Women play an important role in the preparation of meals, and the children help in serving food to the pangat. Langar also teaches the etiquette of sitting and eating in a community situation, which has played a great part in upholding the virtue of sameness of all human beings; providing a welcome, secure and protected sanctuary.

Everyone is welcome to share the Langar; no one is turned away. Each week a family or several families volunteer to provide and prepare the Langar. This is very generous, as there may be several hundred people to feed, and caterers are not allowed. All the preparation, the cooking and the washing-up is done by volunteers and or by voluntary helpers (Sewadars).

langar free food preparation golden temple amritsar
Langar (Free Food) Preparation Golden Temple Amritsar

Maharaja Ranjit Singh made grants of jagirs to gurdwaras for the maintenance of langars. Similar endowments were created by other Sikh rulers as well. Today, practically every gurdwara has a langar supported by the community in general. In smaller gurdwaras cooked food received from different households may comprise the langar. In any case, no pilgrim or visitor will miss food at meal time in a gurdwara. Sharing a common meal sitting in a pangat is for a Sikh is an act of piety. So is his participation in cooking or serving food in the langar and in cleaning the used dishes. The Sikh ideal of charity is essentially social in conception. A Sikh is under a religious obligation to contribute one-tenth of his earnings (daswand) for the welfare of the community. He must also contribute the service of his hands whenever he can, service rendered in a langar being the most meritorious.

Guru Ka Langar Golden Temple Amritsar

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Langar Hall Golden Temple Amritsar

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